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Imagery Lesson: "How Do Authors Use Imagery to Shape Their Writing?"

Imagery is another word for sensory details. Imagery is writing that employs the use of sensory details so that readers can visualize what is read by the use of vivid, sensory descriptions. In this lesson, students define the term imagery and then identify sensory words and phrases that describe various settings in literature. As a culmination, students write their own descriptive settings using imagery that compliments the setting of featured reading material. This lesson can be easily adapted for any work of literature read independently, in small groups, or as a class. Or, teachers can use this lesson to augment a short story unit that requires students to write a descriptive setting. Complete lesson, student handouts, and assessments are included. Suitable for upper elementary to high school students.
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Adjective Lesson: "How Do Adjectives Improve Writing?"

In this lesson, students learn how to identify words as adjectives and discover adjectives to use for strong word choice. As a culmination, students write using descriptive adjectives; several writing ideas are presented. Teachers can adapt this lesson easily so it is applicable for any grade in which adjectives are a focus.
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Project Choices

A leading author in the field of differentiation, Carol Ann Tomlinson crystallizes the definition in this way: "In a differentiated classroom, the teacher proactively plans and carries out varied approaches to content, process, and product in anticipation of and response to student difference in readiness, interest, and learning needs." (Tomlinson, How to Differentiate in Mixed-Ability Classrooms, ASCD, 2001) By offering a variety of choices in student products, students can exhibit what they have learned in a way that personally interests them. Students who are given the freedom to choose a topic from a comprehensive list like "Project Choices" have been given the opportunity to engage in interest-based differentiation. Each product choice is easily adapted to subject matter and grade.
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Rubrics and Checklists

When students are aware of teacher expectations prior to writing, their work will be stronger since they are clear about their task. To allow students the most success, review the checklist carefully with students and even invite them to add to it so they have ownership. As a class, score several student samples against the rubric so students are aware of how they will be assessed. Teachers can use the rubric for teacher scoring and the checklist to guide student writing. Or, they can present both the rubric and checklist to students. This decision is based upon students' grade levels and readiness.

Comparison/Contrast Writing Assessments:

This link provides teachers with a checklist and accompanying rubric designed for comparison and contrast writing. Within the directions to students, fill in the blanks with the two areas as the focus for writing for your classroom, for example Ancient Rome/Ancient Greece or Tories/Patriots or two characters in a novel.
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Description About People Writing Assessments:

This link provides elementary teachers with a checklist, brainstorming sheet, and rubric for the writing prompt "How Are You a Good Friend?" First teachers brainstorm with students about ways people can be good friends. Then they list adjectives describing how one can be a good friend along with specific examples. Students use the class discussion, completed brainstorming sheets, and checklist to guide their writing.
Download: Microsoft Word File | PDF




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